Topographic map showing the way to and from our little town of Puerto Ayacucho.

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This is an intensive collection and compendium of buzzwords, acronyms, and terminologies relative to plans and projects presented by the Ecology Crossroads Cooperative Foundation and the Ekobius International Cooperative. Relatively these terms are subject to modification and adaptation with  time and understanding relative to our use.





Alternative agriculture - refers to all forms of agriculture which are environmentally sustainable and/or differ from mainstream commercial agriculture that use heavy machinery and chemical fertilizers.



Best practices - are successful initiatives or model projects which make or have made an outstanding, sustainable and innovative contribution to improving the livelihoods of local communities.






Biodiversity friendly farming

Biodiversity markets

Biodiversity offsets


Boreal forest


Bylaws - a written instrument of rules used to guide and maintain the functionality of the cooperative organization. The bylaws state how the cooperative will conduct business and must be consistent with both legal statutes and the articles of incorporation.



Commission - similar to per-unit retains which are assessed based on a per unit gain by individual cooperative members for services or work that they perform which is billed or paid into the cooperative from its customers, end-users or donors for services provided. These retains are used to maintain the business operations of the cooperative.


Cooperative or Co-op


Cooperative withholdings - are funds that are retained by the cooperative and dispersed based upon their earmarking at the time of receipt. Withholdings can be in the form of commissions, per-unit retains or membership fees and can be dispersed to members or reinvested in projects.


Conservation banking - where services and products are assigned market values to generate incentives for environmental protection, re-creation and preservation.



Ecoculture -

Ecological niche modeling -

Ecological sustainability -

Environmental management



Fish habitat compensation -


Frontier forest - Large relatively natural and undisturbed contiguous forests.



Habitat credit trading



Indigenous knowledge - or IK also referred to as non-formal knowledge or traditional knowledge. Acknowledgement of these different perspectives often leads to reconsideration of

many fundamental notions about development, environmental conservation, heritage protection, and access to information and education.



Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - or MAP are plants that are used for their essential oils and in medicine.


Membership dues - monthly fees assessed by the cooperative toward active working members who directly benefit through working with the cooperative. Active members who do not pay this fee are considered inactive.


Membership fee - a one time fee that is charged by the cooperative based on a portion of the overall value of the cooperative and the individual's percentage of involvement and ownership therein. This fee is variable and is based on the type of membership and/or the current assets of the cooperative as a whole. The fee is meant to equalize a member's interest and standing within the cooperative based on their involvement.


Mitigation banking




Non-wood forest products - or NWFPs are goods of biological origin other than wood, derived from forests, other wooded land and trees outside forests.


Non-timber plant resources - or NTPR



Per-unit retains - similar to commission, a cooperative term used to finance the cooperative's daily business activities derived from members who benefit from the business activities of the cooperative through the sale or marketing of their products. Per-unit retains are used to maintain the daily business operations of the cooperative entity.


Poverty reduction -

Primordial forest -



Resident Forest Protection Program - or RFPP

Rural community economic development -

Rochdale Cooperative Principles



Self-reliance -

Sustainable agro-biodiversity management



Western-based formal knowledge - or WBFK refers to the knowledge system developed by Europeans, North Americans and others in mainstream society today. Often refers to commercial agricultural systems, how building materials are used, foods, and basic understanding of how things work or should be.